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Sun exposure, acne or simply aging can leave your skin tone uneven, wrinkled, spotted or scarred.
A chemical peel treatment uses a chemical solution to improve the texture and tone of your skin by removing the damaged outer layers.
Although chemical peels are most often used on the face, they can also be used to improve the skin on your neck and hands. A chemical peel is one of the most cost-effective ways to improve the appearance of your skin. The potential result of a chemical peel depends on the type of chemical solution and technique used. Depending on the depth of penetration of the peel solution in the skin, chemical peels are categorised into superficial depth, medium or deep peels.
- Most cost-effective way to improve the appearance of your skin
- Only one treatment with a deep chemical peel will produce a long-lasting and dramatic result that can last many years
A chemical peel solution can be used to improve texture and tone of your skin by removing the damaged outer layers up to a certain depth.
The potential result of the peel depends on the type of chemical and the technique used. Depending on the penetration depth of the peel solution, peels can be categorised into superficial depth, medium depth or deep peels.
Good candidates are patients with:
- Acne or acne scars
- Fine lines and wrinkles
- Irregular skin pigmentation
- Rough skin and scaly patches
- Certain scars
- Sun-damaged skin
Not good candidates are patients with:
- Deep facial lines or wrinkles
- Extremely loose or sagging skin
- Deep scars
WHAT RESULTS TO EXPECT?
During the first consultation, a detailed medical history will be obtained and we will assess your skin texture, complexion, thickness, degree of photo-aging, severity of facial wrinkles and fine lines as well as age related gravitational changes and expectations. Based on this information, we will decide which peel is best suitable for your skin problems. With this approach, the results of chemical peels tend to be excellent.
HOW TO PREPARE FOR TREATMENT?
In the case of a deep chemical peel it is absolutely necessary to prime the skin about six weeks prior to the peeling procedure. Skin priming is not necessary in case of superficial peels. Skin priming helps improve skin health, tolerance and quality before the procedure, resulting in a better outcome of the procedure. Preconditioning the skin also lowers the chance for possible adverse effects of the chemical peel.
Our pre-treatment protocol is provided by Zein Obagi® and Mesoestetic® and includes a combination of cleansers, retinoic acid creams and bleaching creams. Especially if an active skin condition like acne is diagnosed, patients will needs to follow a pre-treatment protocol to stabilize the skin condition before the peel is performed.
To prevent inflammation of the skin, the patient will start receiving antiviral medication a week prior to the treatment and will continue to use 7 days after the treatment (only in case of medium and deep peels).
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Firstly, before the chemical peel, your face is thoroughly cleaned in order to remove oil and to prepare your skin for deepest penetration. Subsequently, as the chemical is applied, the epidermis and/or parts of the dermis are removed depending on the type of the peel. You may feel some burning or stinging. The chemical peel is then washed off and neutralized. A chemical peel takes about 15 to 20 minutes. In a case of deep peels, mild sedation is used in combination with local anaesthesia.
This kind of peel removes only the outer layer of skin (epidermis) with a light exfoliation and results in a healthier glow. It is the right choice if you have uneven pigmentation, dryness, acne or fine wrinkling. Superficial peeling is done as an office procedure.
You are likely to experience some redness, stinging, skin flaking and irritation from a superficial chemical peel. After repeated treatments, these side effects will likely subside.
Chemicals used for this type of peel will remove skin cells from both the outer layer of skin (epidermis) and the most upper part of the middle layer of skin (papillary dermis).
After the medium chemical peel, you'll experience some redness, stinging and flaking of the skin. Commonly, symptoms are similar to those of mild sunburn.
c) Deep chemical peel
If you have deeper facial wrinkles, severe sun damaged skin, scars, areas that appear blotchy or even pre-cancerous growths, a deep facial chemical peel might be the right choice for you. We will use a stronger chemical to penetrate down to the lower dermal layer of your skin (reticular dermis). For this type of peel, you will need a local anaesthetic and a sedative to manage any discomfort.
Time to heal
Post-peel care and recovery depends on the type/depth of the chemical peel.
In the beginning of your healing period, some swelling, crusting and redness of the skin with some discomfort are normal. Application of a proper skin ointments protocol will help ameliorate some of these. Sun exposure and extreme temperatures are best avoided.
From about five days to a week after a deep depth peel, your skin will become dry and pale. In case of a medium depth peel this can occur around the second day.
In case of a superficial depth peel patients can return to their normal activity the next day. However, in case of a medium depth peel (3 step peel) patients can return to work after 5 to 7 days, while in case of a deep chemical peel your recovery time will take at least 10 to 14 days.
In days to weeks following the peel, new skin that emerges will look replenished and rejuvenated with reduced wrinkles and other irregularities. In some cases (deep peel) the redness will take several weeks to settle during which time a regular use of sun block is mandatory.
- Redness that always occurs after the peel may last longer than a few months for some people
- Reactivation of a previous herpes infection (you will be given prophylactive anti-viral treatment)
They will take care of you
MEET THE TEAM
PETER JFM LOHUIS, MD PHD
BORIS FILIPOVIĆ, MD PHD
BOŽO GORJANC, MD
SANJA ŠKOPAC, BEAUTICIAN
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
· During the consultation, your surgeon will explain to you which peel best suits your skin based on your skin type and your expectations.
· Several factors contribute to safety. Proper skin assessment, proper depth indication and good quality of chemical products (Obagi® and Mesoestetic®) all help improve results.
· If your surgeon is board-certified, it is more likely that any possible complication will be avoided or recognized and treated on time. In this case, a chemical peel is a safe procedure.
· Depending on the depth of the peel patients can return to work after one day (superficial peel), after 7 days (medium peel) or after 10 to 14 days (deep peel).
· Result will depend on skin type and the peel that is used.
· One treatment with a deep chemical peel will produce long-lasting and dramatic results that can sometimes last up to 10 years.
· In case of a superficial peel, several treatments might be needed to achieve an optimal result.
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