It is estimated that the prevalence of migraine is around 18%. However, with such common problem, we see that much of the information that people have is often incorrect.
This leads to false diagnosis and under treatment. Here are some of the information you need to know.
Migraine is a complex neurological disease
that can have multiple different symptoms, of which a headache is the most
important. However, to get a diagnosis of migraine you need to display at least
some of them, including:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Sensitivity to light, sound, and odors
- Difficulty concentrating
- Vertigo, numbness or weakness in limbs
Migraine symptoms often begin in childhood, adolescence or early adulthood. Women are more affectee in all age groups, with a ratio of 3 to 1.
Migraine usually lasts from four to 72 hours if untreated. The frequency of headaches varies from person to person - may be rare (once in a year) or strike several times a month.
Migraine is defined by presence of headache attack - significant throbbing pain or a pulsing sensation, usually on just one side of the head. This can last for hours to days and can be so severe that is disabling.
Warning symptoms known as aura may occur before or with the headache in only about 25 % of patients. These can include flashes of light, blind spots, or tingling on one side of the face or in your arm or leg.
Migraines are not all the same, and in fact, several different types of migraine exist. Migraine with and migraine without aura are the two primary forms, but you also get sub types, which are: abdominal migraine, chronic migraine, and others.
In addition, the range of symptoms differs between patients, and even from one migraine attack to the next. So, we can argue that each migraine is different, it is not just a bad headache, and as such is not comparable between patients.
Statistically, 65% of patients who suffer from migraine are misdiagnosed, forcing them to live with ongoing pain and suffering for much longer than they should.
Any patient who displays some or all of the symptoms of migraine more than once should request an immediate referral to a specialist or contact the LF Headache Centre to schedule an appointment.
“MIGRAINE IS IN THE BRAIN”
Migraine is the result of complex
pathophysiological events that interplay in the brain. The actual cause of a
migraine, however, is the stimulation of peripheral sensory nerves that either
surrounds blood vessels of the brain or are located in your face and neck.
Dilation of blood vessels or nerve entrapment generates pain signals that
travel to the brain causing a migraine attack.
Some believe that many migraines are the result of stress or depression which studies show to be false. Most patients suffering from stress and/or depression do so as a result of their migraine condition, which may be why some people believe they go hand in hand.
Of course, stress can trigger a migraine attack, as can other factors like eating the wrong food, air pressure changes, menstrual cycle and a multitude of other, individual factors.
Studies have confirmed the link between migraine and a range of other conditions, including
- Ischemic stroke - 25% of strokes in people under 45 years taking place in migraine patients, migraineurs have a 2.2 times higher chance of stroke
- Cardiovascular events
- Epilepsy - with around 15% of sufferers also experiencing migraine.
- Chronic illness
Today, there are multiple migraine treatments available to choose from. Depending on the severity and frequency of your migraines, in the LF Headache Centre we can offer you
- Specialized drugs like triptans
- Specialized manual therapy
- Non-invasive procedures such as BOTOX® injections
- Migraine surgery
We use state of the art tests to diagnose which type of migraine you have, including our own LF screening protocol. With these tests, we are able to form an individualized treatment approach.
They will take care of you
MEET THE TEAM
PETER JFM LOHUIS, MD PHD
BORIS FILIPOVIĆ, MD PHD
IVANA JURJEVIĆ, MD PHD
MARINA MILOŠEVIĆ, MD
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